Salmon Catilinite Inlay in Sterling Silver Pendant
Carved Catilinite stone with a Salmon design. Set in sterling silver oval pendant with cutout. 1.5×2 inches Catlinite (also called pipestone or pipeclay) is a type of argillite(metamorphosed mudstone),usually brownish-red in color, which occurs in a matrix of Sioux quartzite. Because it is fine-grained and easily-worked, it is prized by Native Americans for use in making sacred pipes. The red catlinite from the Pipestone quarries is the second softest rock in the world, and it lies under Sioux quartzite, the second hardest rock in the world. Only hand tools are used to reach the catlinite so it takes a long time to get to it. Only enrolled Native Americans are allowed to quarry for the stone at the Pipestone National Monument, and thus it is protected from over-mining. Pipestone quarries are located and preserved in Pipestone National Monument outside of Pipestone, Minnesota, in Pipestone County, Minnesota, and at the Pipestone River in Manitoba,Canada.
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